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Arizona’s Common Core Standards: English Language Arts and Literacy

College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Reading

Key Ideas and Details

  • Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text. (9-10.RL.1),  (9-10.RI.1),(11-12.RL.1), (11-12.RI.1)
  • Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas. (9-10.RL.2), (9-10. RI.2),  (11-12.RL.2), (11-12.RI.2)
  • Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text. (9-10.RL.3), (9-10.RI.3), (11-12. RL.3), (11-12.RI.3)

Craft and Structure

  • Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone. (9-10.RL.4), (9-10.RI.4), (11-12.RL.4), (11-12.RI.4)
  • Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text. (9-10. RL.6), (9-10.RI.6),(11-12.RL.6), (11-12.RI.6)

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words. (9-10.RL.7), (11-12.RL.7), (11-12.RI.7)
  • Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take. 9-10.RL.9), (11-12.RL.8)

College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Writing

Text Types and Purposes

  • Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics, texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence. (9-10.W.1), (11-12.W.1)
  • Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content. (9-10.W.2), (11-12.W.2)
  • Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well chosen details, and well structured event sequences. (9-10.W.3), (11-12.W.3)

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

  • Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and integrate the information while avoiding plagiarism. (9-10.W.7), (11-12.W.7)
  • Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. (9-10.W.8, (11-12.W.8)

Range of Writing

  • Write routinely over extended time frames (times for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences. (9-10.W.10), (11-12.W.10)

College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Speaking and Listening

Comprehension and Collaboration

  • Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on other’s ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively. (9-10.SL.1), (11-12.SL.1)
  • Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally. (9-10.SL.2), (11-12SL.2)
  • Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric. (1-10.SL.3), (11-12.SL.3)

Presentation of knowledge and Ideas

  • Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience (9-10.SL.4), (11-12.SL.4)
  • Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (9-10.SL.6), (11-12.SL.6)

College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Language

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

  • Acquire and use accurately a range of general academic and domain-specific words or phrase sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when encountering an unknown term important to comprehension or expression (9-10.L.6), (11-12.L.6)

21st Century Skills

21st Century Themes

Global Awareness

  • Learning from and working collaboratively with individuals representing  diverse cultures, religions and lifestyles in a spirit of mutual respect and open dialogue in personal, work and community contexts.

Learning and Innovation Skills

Creativity and Innovation

         Think Creatively:

  • Use a wide range of idea creation techniques (such as brainstorming)
  • Create new and worthwhile ideas (both incremental and radical concepts)
  • Elaborate, refine, analyze and evaluate their own ideas in order to improve and maximize creative efforts

Work Creatively with Others:

  • Develop, implement and communicate new ideas to others effectively
  • Be open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives; incorporate group input and feedback into the work

Critical Thinking and Problem Solving

          Reason Effectively:

  • Use various types of reasoning (inductive, deductive, etc.) as appropriate to the situation

Use Systems Thinking:

  • Analyze how parts of a whole interact with each other to produce overall  outcomes in complex systems

Make Judgments and Decisions:

  • Effectively analyze and evaluate evidence, arguments, claims and beliefs
  • Analyze and evaluate major alternative points of view
  • Synthesize and make connections between information and arguments
  • Interpret information and draw conclusions based on the best analysis
  • Reflect critically on learning experiences and processes

Communication and Collaboration

Communicate Clearly:

  • Articulate thoughts and ideas effectively using oral, written and nonverbal communication skills in a variety of forms and contexts
  • Listen effectively to decipher meaning, including knowledge, values, attitudes and intentions
  • Use communication for a range of purposes (e.g. to inform, instruct, motivate and persuade)
  • Communicate effectively in diverse environments (including multi-lingual)

Collaborate with Others:

  • Demonstrate ability to work effectively and respectfully with diverse teams
  • Exercise flexibility and willingness to be helpful in making necessary compromises to accomplish a common goal
  • Assume shared responsibility for collaborative work, and value the individual contributions made by each team member

Informational, Media and Technology Skills

Media Literacy

          Analyze Media:

  • Understand both how and why media messages are constructed, and for what purposes
  • Examine how individuals interpret messages differently, how values and points of view are included or excluded, and how media can influence beliefs and behaviors
  • Apply a fundamental understanding of the ethical/legal issues surrounding the access and use of media